mAssets

Meta Assets (mAssets) are assets that are composed of other underlying similar assets. Currently, deployed mAssets are mUSD and mBTC.

An incentivised constant sum market maker with hard limits at max region. This supports low slippage swaps and applies penalties towards min and max regions. AMM produces a stablecoin (mAsset) and redirects lending market interest and swap fees to the savings contract, producing a second yield-bearing asset.

_minOutputQuantity is used to limit slippage when swapping, minting or redeeming. Useful for preventing Sandwich and Frontrunning attacks.

Contracts are upgradable except for integration contracts. The ProtocolDAO multisig can migrate the assets from one integration contract to another.

Both mAssets (mUSD and mBTC) follow the ERC20 standard. The non-standard decreaseAllowance and increaseAllowance functions have been added to mitigate the well-known issues around setting allowances. These are based on the OpenZeppelin ERC20 implementation.

The following list describes functions that are part of this implementation and cover both assets.

ERC-20 Functions

totalSupply()

function totalSupply () external returns (uint256)

Returns the amount of tokens in existence.

balanceOf()

function balanceOf () external returns (uint256)

Returns the amount of tokens owned by account.

transfer()

function transfer () external returns (bool)

Moves amount tokens from the caller's account to recipient.

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.

Emits a {Transfer} event.

allowance()

function allowance () external returns (uint256)

Returns the remaining number of tokens thatspenderwill be allowed to spend on behalf ofownerthrough {transferFrom}. This is zero by default.

This value changes when {approve} or {transferFrom} are called.

approve()

function approve () external returns (bool)

Sets amount as the allowance of spender over the caller's tokens.

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.

IMPORTANT: Beware that changing an allowance with this method brings the risk that someone may use both the old and the new allowance by unfortunate transaction ordering. One possible solution to mitigate this race condition is to first reduce the spender's allowance to 0 and set the desired value afterwards: https://github.com/ethereum/EIPs/issues/20#issuecomment-263524729

Emits an {Approval} event.

transferFrom()

function transferFrom () external returns (bool)

Moves amount tokens from sender to recipient using the allowance mechanism. amount is then deducted from the caller's allowance.

Returns a boolean value indicating whether the operation succeeded.

Emits a {Transfer} event.

increaseAllowance()

function increaseAllowance () public returns (bool)

Atomically increases the allowance granted to spender by the caller.

This is an alternative to {approve} that can be used as a mitigation for problems described in {IERC20-approve}.

Emits an {Approval} event indicating the updated allowance.

Requirements:

  • spender cannot be the zero address.

decreaseAllowance()

function decreaseAllowance () public returns (bool)

Atomically decreases the allowance granted to spender by the caller.

This is an alternative to {approve} that can be used as a mitigation for problems described in {IERC20-approve}.

Emits an {Approval} event indicating the updated allowance.

Requirements:

  • spender cannot be the zero address.

  • spender must have allowance for the caller of at least

    subtractedValue.

mAsset Functions

mint()

function mint (address _input, uint256 _inputQuantity, uint256 _minOutputQuantity, address _recipient) external returns (uint256 mintOutput)

Mint a single bAsset, at a 1:1 ratio with the bAsset. This contract must have approval to spend the senders bAsset

mintMulti()

function mintMulti (address[] _inputs, uint256[] _inputQuantities, uint256 _minOutputQuantity, address _recipient) external returns (uint256 mintOutput)

Mint with multiple bAssets, at a 1:1 ratio to mAsset. This contract must have approval to spend the senders bAssets

getMintOutput()

function getMintOutput (address _input, uint256 _inputQuantity) external returns (uint256 mintOutput)

Get the projected output of a given mint

getMintMultiOutput()

function getMintMultiOutput (address[] _inputs, uint256[] _inputQuantities) external returns (uint256 mintOutput)

Get the projected output of a given mint

swap()

function swap (address _input, address _output, uint256 _inputQuantity, uint256 _minOutputQuantity, address _recipient) external returns (uint256 swapOutput)

Swaps one bAsset for another bAsset using the bAsset addresses. bAsset <> bAsset swaps will incur a small fee (swapFee()).

getSwapOutput()

function getSwapOutput (address _input, address _output, uint256 _inputQuantity) external returns (uint256 swapOutput)

Determines both if a trade is valid, and the expected fee or output. Swap is valid if it does not result in the input asset exceeding its maximum weight.

redeem()

function redeem (address _output, uint256 _mAssetQuantity, uint256 _minOutputQuantity, address _recipient) external returns (uint256 outputQuantity)

Redeems a specified quantity of mAsset in return for a bAsset specified by bAsset address. The bAsset is sent to the specified recipient. The bAsset quantity is relative to current vault balance levels and desired mAsset quantity. The quantity of mAsset is burnt as payment. A minimum quantity of bAsset is specified to protect against price slippage between the mAsset and bAsset.

redeemMasset()

function redeemMasset (uint256 _mAssetQuantity, uint256[] _minOutputQuantities, address _recipient) external returns (uint256[] outputQuantities)

Credits a recipient with a proportionate amount of bAssets, relative to current vault balance levels and desired mAsset quantity. Burns the mAsset as payment.

redeemExactBassets()

function redeemExactBassets (address[] _outputs, uint256[] _outputQuantities, uint256 _maxMassetQuantity, address _recipient) external returns (uint256 mAssetQuantity)

Credits a recipient with a certain quantity of selected bAssets, in exchange for burning the relative Masset quantity from the sender. Sender also incurs a small fee on the outgoing asset.

getRedeemOutput()

function getRedeemOutput (address _output, uint256 _mAssetQuantity) external returns (uint256 bAssetOutput)

Gets the estimated output from a given redeem

getRedeemExactBassetsOutput()

function getRedeemExactBassetsOutput (address[] _outputs, uint256[] _outputQuantities) external returns (uint256 mAssetQuantity)

Gets the estimated output from a given redeem

getBasket()

function getBasket () external returns (bool, bool)

Get basket details for Masset_MassetStructs.Basket

getBassets()

function getBassets () external returns (struct MassetStructs.BassetPersonal[] personal, struct MassetStructs.BassetData[] data)

Get data for a all bAssets in basket

getBasset()

function getBasset (address _bAsset) external returns (struct MassetStructs.BassetPersonal personal, struct MassetStructs.BassetData data)

Get data for a specific bAsset, if it exists

getConfig()

function getConfig () external returns (struct MassetStructs.InvariantConfig config)

Gets all config needed for general InvariantValidator calls

Last updated